Moldovan national asylum system assessed through the lens of European standards

The findings and recommendations from the Study on the capacity of the national asylum system in the Republic of Moldova were made public on March 6, 2024.

The primary objectives of the study are evaluation of the alignment of the national asylum regulatory framework with international and European standards on asylum and human rights; identification of the main deficiencies and challenges within the national asylum system in providing international protection, and formulation of recommendations for future policies in this field.

The recommendations outlined in the study include harmonization of the national regulatory framework with the European Union asylum legislation; assessment of the response capacity of public authorities to large influxes of foreigners during crises; establishment of operational standards pertaining to asylum, adopting a human rights-based approach; considering the implementation of modern digital solutions in the asylum procedures, and enhancing knowledge and skills of civil servants dealing with asylum through training.

During her opening address, Jana Costachi, Secretary of State of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, referred to the new challenges posed by the refugee crisis in Ukraine to the Republic of Moldova, and emphasized the commitment of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MIA) to addressing them and offering assistance to those in need.

“The decision of the European Council in December 2023 to open accession negotiations with the Republic of Moldova motivates MIA to persist in working diligently and effectively to transpose the European standards and foster a society grounded in democratic values and respect for human rights”, Ms Costachi added.

Furthermore, the Secretary of State underscored the benefits of cooperation with the Council of Europe supporting MIA’s endeavors to meet the needs of refugees and migrants in the Republic of Moldova, emphasizing MIA’s objective to build sustainable resilient migration, asylum and reception systems aligned with European and international human rights standards with the support of international partners.

The Study on the capacity of the national asylum system in the Republic of Moldova was carried out with the support of the Council of Europe project “Strengthening the human rights protection of refugees and migrants in the Republic of Moldova”.